Dataset on incident of violence in the Deep South was originally developed at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences of Prince of Songkla University at Pattani by Srisompob Jitpiromsri, then as the Associate Dean for Research and Outreaching, to understand and analyze the appalling escalation of violent situation. On March 2004, the data collection process was started using Microsoft Access version 2003. Sources of data were thus collected from daily newspaper, such as Thairath, DailyNews, Khaosod etc. The researcher aimed to develop database of incidence of violence in the Southern border provinces, including Pattani,Yala and Narathiwat province as well as 4 districts of Songkla province. The database had included daily, monthly and annually statistics. At first, the researcher would like to apply statistics refined and extracted from this database in the situational analyses and predict pattern of violence for policy recommendations (Srisompob, 2005).
Data analysis was published and disseminated to the general public drawing attention from researchers, academics, media and government agencies, nationally and internationally. The database was set to support development of similar situation database amongs agencies concerned for the public uses. The incident database was firstly used for policy analysis in 2005, when the National Reconciliation Commission (NRC) had set up in 2005 the Fact-Finding Research Teams to investigate the causes and effects of violent conflicts that has escalated since 2004.
Based on the research project, developed in 2004 by the researcher at Prince of Songkla University’s Pattani campus, the incident of violence database was used in NRC ‘s Report to show that violence has been coordinated and well-organized by the unknown insurgency, different from the conspiracy theories concerning the fabrication of some local authorities.